e-ISSN 2329-0072




Clinical Features of 52 Psychological Casualties of Iraq-Iran War

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani, Seyed-Abbas Tavallaii, Khodabahksh Ahmadi, Parviz Azadfallah

Med Sci Tech 2006; 47(3): RA153-156

ID: 881507

Available online:

Published: 2006-03-17

Introduction: The Iraq-Iran War caused psychological complications in some veterans. The psychological complications arising from war have been put under observation since the nineteenth century and different diagnoses have been mentioned so far. The goal of this research was to evaluate the symptoms and signs and to identify the type of diseasein 52 psychological casualties of Iraq-Iran War. This study was also designed to find the most common psychological symptoms caused by war and the most common diagnosis in the mentioned patients. Material and methods: Theclinical features of 52 psychological casualties of Iraq-Iran War were studied in a cross-sectional retrospective study. The cases were selected from patients hospitalized in psychiatric wards of 3 hospitals in Tehran. All psychological patients afflicted in war were selected in a census and were evaluated by a demographic questionnaire and a structured interview. Results: The results showed that somatic complaints(35.6%), emotional symptoms (17.3%), behavioral symptoms (7.6%), delusional thoughts (7.2%), sensory problems (7.1%), disturbances of thoughts (6.9%) were the most common symptoms in these veterans. Furthermore, the most common clinical features were the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (44.2%). Conclusions: Violent battlefield stress causes disturbances in personality and according to the predisposing factors, causes mental disorders. In this research, the most common psychological disorder was PTSD and as war is the cause, “Post War Stress Disorder” may be a better phrase. (Clin. Exp. Med. Lett. 2006; 47(3):153-156)

Keywords: clinical features, psychological casualties, Iraq-Iran War, PTSD